Visual Capitalist

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    Visual Capitalist


    Visual Capitalist
    https://www.visualcapitalist.com
    Data-driven visuals that help explain a complex world
    Sat, 16 Oct 2021 00:23:11 +0000
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    Mapped: Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface https://www.visualcapitalist.com/mapped-human-impact-on-the-earths-surface/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=mapped-human-impact-on-the-earths-surface
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    Sat, 16 Oct 2021 00:23:11 +0000










    https://www.visualcapitalist.com/?p=142173

    This detailed map looks at where humans have (and haven’t) modified Earth’s terrestrial environment. See human impact in incredible detail.

    The post Mapped: Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

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    mapping human impact on earths surface

    View the full-size infographic

    Mapped: Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface

    With human population on Earth approaching 8 billion (we’ll likely hit that milestone in 2023), our impact on the planet is becoming harder to ignore with each passing year.

    Our cities, infrastructure, agriculture, and pollution are all forms of stress we place on the natural world. This map, by David M. Theobald et al., shows just how much of the planet we’ve now modified. The researchers estimate that 14.6% or 18.5 million km² of land area has been modified – an area greater than Russia.

    Defining Human Impact

    Human impact on the Earth’s surface can take a number of different forms, and researchers took a nuanced approach to classifying the “modifications” we’ve made. In the end, 10 main stressors were used to create this map:

    1. Built-Up Areas: All of our cities and towns
    2. Agriculture: Areas devoted to crops and pastures
    3. Energy and extractive resources: Primarily locations where oil and gas are extracted
    4. Mines and quarries: Other ground-based natural resource extraction, excluding oil and gas
    5. Power plants: Areas where energy is produced – both renewable and non-renewable
    6. Transportation and service corridors: Primarily roads and railways
    7. Logging: This measures commodity-based forest loss (excludes factors like wildfire and urbanization)
    8. Human intrusion: Typically areas adjacent to population centers and roads that humans access
    9. Natural systems modification: Primarily modifications to water flow, including reservoir creation
    10. Pollution: Phenomenon such as acid rain and fog caused by air pollution

    The classification descriptions above are simplified. See the methodology for full descriptions and calculations.

    A Closer Look at Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface

    To help better understand the level of impact humans can have on the planet, we’ll take a closer look three regions, and see how the situation on the ground relates to these maps.

    Land Use Contrasts: Egypt

    Almost all of Egypt’s population lives along the Nile and its delta, making it an interesting place to examine land use and human impact.

    egypt land use impact zone

    The towns and high intensity agricultural land following the river stand out clearly on the human modification map, while the nearby desert shows much less impact.

    Intensive Modification: Netherlands

    The Netherlands has some of the heavily modified landscapes on Earth, so the way it looks on this map will come as no surprise.

    netherlands land use impact zone

    The area shown above, Rotterdam’s distinctive port and surround area, renders almost entirely in colors at the top of the human modification scale.

    Resource Extraction: West Virginia

    It isn’t just cities and towns that show up clearly on this map, it’s also the areas we extract our raw materials from as well. This mountainous region of West Virginia, in the United States, offers a very clear visual example.

    west virginia land use impact zone

    The mountaintop removal method of mining—which involves blasting mountains in order to retrieve seams of bituminous coal—is common in this region, and mine sites show up clearly in the map.

    You can explore the interactive version of this map yourself to view any area on the globe. What surprises you about these patterns of human impact?

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    142173

    Charting the Continued Rise of Remote Jobs https://www.visualcapitalist.com/charting-the-continued-rise-of-remote-jobs/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=charting-the-continued-rise-of-remote-jobs
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    Fri, 15 Oct 2021 19:11:46 +0000






    https://www.visualcapitalist.com/?p=142007

    Remote job postings are up nearly across the board, but a few key industries are have seen a significant shift over the last year.

    The post Charting the Continued Rise of Remote Jobs appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

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    which industries are embracing remote jobs

    The Briefing

    • Four industries saw massive growth in the proportion of remote-friendly job postings
    • Nearly one-third of new software and IT service jobs are listed as remote / work-from-home

    Charting the Continued Rise of Remote Jobs

    When the pandemic first took hold in 2020, and many workplaces around the world closed their doors, a grand experiment in work-from-home began.

    Today, well over a year after the first lockdown measures were put in place, there are still lingering questions about whether remote work would now become a commonplace option, or whether things would generally return to the status quo in offices around the world.

    New data from LinkedIn’s Workforce Report shows that remote work may be here to stay, and could even become the norm in a few key industries.

    Broadly speaking, 12% of all Canadian paid job postings on LinkedIn offered remote work in September 2021. Prior to the pandemic, that number sat at just 1.3%.

    While this data was specific to Canada, the country’s similarity to the U.S. means that these trends are likely being seen across the border as well.

    Which Industries are Embracing Remote Work?

    The nature of work can vary broadly by job type—for example, mining is tough to do from one’s living room sofa—so remote jobs were not distributed equally across industries.

    Here are the numbers on job postings that were geared towards remote work:

    Industry % Remote (Sept 2020) % Remote (Sept 2021) Change (p.p.)
    Software & IT Services 12.5% 30.0% 17.5
    Media & Communications 12.5% 21.3% 8.8
    Wellness & Fitness 3.3% 21.2% 17.9
    Healthcare 3.2% 14.4% 11.2
    Nonprofit 4.6% 14.1% 9.5
    Hardware & Networking 2.2% 12.9% 10.7
    Corporate Services 5.2% 9.5% 4.3
    Education 9.4% 8.8% -0.6
    Entertainment 3.0% 7.7% 4.7
    Finance 1.8% 6.5% 4.7
    Consumer Goods 2.2% 6.0% 3.8
    Recreation & Travel 0.2% 3.7% 3.5
    Manufacturing 1.4% 3.0% 1.6
    Energy & Mining 1.0% 2.7% 1.7
    Retail 0.5% 0.7% 0.2

    Tech and healthcare industries are showing big shifts towards remote work, with the latter being influenced by a number of tech-driven changes, including telemedicine.

    Physical distancing measures forced some industries to pivot quickly. Whether virtual fitness and wellness options (e.g. Peloton and Headspace) would remain popular beyond the pandemic was a big question mark, but this jobs data seems to indicate continued digital growth in these industries.

    What the Future Holds

    Since COVID-19 outbreaks are still underway, the true test for this trend will be whether these numbers hold up a year or two from now. When offices and gyms are reliably open again, will companies dial back the work-from-home options?

    Today, hybrid solutions are proving popular amidst worries that fully distributed teams suffer from lower levels of collaboration and communication between colleagues, and that innovation could be stifled by lack of in-person collaboration.

    Of course, employees themselves are reporting being more productive and happy at home, with 98% of people wanting the option to work remotely for the rest of their careers.

    It’s clear that the culture of work is undergoing an evolution today, and companies and employees will continue to seek the perfect balance of productivity and happiness.

    Where does this data come from?

    Source: LinkedIn’s Workforce Report for September 2021 (Canada)
    Data Note: LinkedIn analyzed hundreds of thousands of paid remote job postings in Canada posted on LinkedIn between February 2020 and September 21, 2021. A “remote job” is defined as one where either the job poster explicitly labeled it as “remote” or if the job contained keywords like “work from home” in the listing.

    The post Charting the Continued Rise of Remote Jobs appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

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    142007

    Print Has Prevailed: The Staying Power of Physical Books https://www.visualcapitalist.com/print-books-versus-e-books/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=print-books-versus-e-books
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    Fri, 15 Oct 2021 18:08:53 +0000







    https://www.visualcapitalist.com/?p=142065

    When e-books hit the mainstream in the early 2000s, many predicted they’d eventually make print books obsolete. So far, that prediction has not come true.

    The post Print Has Prevailed: The Staying Power of Physical Books appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

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    Print Books Have Prevailed